This species occurs widely in eastern Brazil, from the State of Paraiba west to the State of Ceará, south to the State of Rio de Janeiro and extreme northern São Paulo. It occurs up to 900m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in primary and secondary forest, including dry forest and forest edge, but not in open areas. It may also be found in cacao plantations. It digs subterranean burrows near temporary ponds, in which it breeds.
It is a very common species.
Apart from the impacts of clear-cutting, intensive agriculture and overgrazing by livestock, this species is probably not facing any threats.
It occurs in many protected areas (eg. Parque Estadual do Rio Doce).
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This species is a complex comprising at least two different species (A. Carnaval pers. comm.).
Ronald Heyer, Cristina Arzabe, Ana Carolina Carnaval 2010. Leptodactylus spixi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57167A11594429. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T57167A11594429.en .Downloaded on 22 January 2019