This species is restricted to the crest of the Sierra de Neiba, along the border between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, Hispaniola. It has also been recorded from another locality in the Dominican Republic to the south-east of the Sierra de Neiba. Its altitudinal range is from 1,455-1,870 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found under rocks and logs, and in low arboreal bromeliads, in high-elevation, dense, closed hardwood forest. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
This species is moderately common in suitable habitat, although this habitat is declining extremely rapidly. It was last recorded in 1996 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).
The main threat to the species is severe habitat destruction and deforestation, primarily due to subsistence farming and charcoaling.
The Sierra de Neiba was declared a protected area, but it is not effectively managed, and habitat destruction within this area has been severe. Improved protection of the remaining habitat on the Sierra de Neiba is urgently required.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on Hispaniola.
Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus parabates. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56825A11540414. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56825A11540414.en .Downloaded on 14 November 2018