This species is found in the cordilleras of Costa Rica and western Panama, from 1,500-2,500 m asl (Savage 2002).
Habitat and Ecology
This is a nocturnal species found in low vegetation in dense montane forest and rainforest. It may be found in both primary and secondary forest and is presumed to breed by direct development.
It is an abundant species regularly seen in appropriate habitat, and has not declined at sites where many other species have disappeared, such as Monteverde (Pounds et al. 1997) and Las Tablas (Lips 1998, Andrew R. Gray in lit. to Karen Lips 2007). It is still common at many sites in Costa Rica (Puschendorf et al. 2006, Camacho et al. 2011, Alvarado et al. 2012).
The threats to this species are not well known. Deforestation is a potential threat, although all known populations are within protected areas.
This species is protected in several national parks and private reserves in Costa Rica, and is probably present in a number of Panamanian protected areas.
Taxonomic studies are required for the sub-populations in Costa Rica (G. Chaves pers. comm. 2015).
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population and occurrence in a number of protected areas.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Diasporus hylaeformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T56658A54350072. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T56658A54350072.en .Downloaded on 22 January 2019