This species is restricted to the Tiburon Peninsula and eastern Sierra de Baoruca, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic). Its altitudinal range is from sea level up to 1,697m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species requires closed-canopy forest and frequents bromeliads. The eggs are laid in bromeliads and it breeds by direct development.
Although this species can be moderately common in suitable habitat, it is declining and rarely encountered in much of its range.
It is rapidly declining throughout its range due to severe habitat destruction, even in protected areas. In the Dominican Republic much habitat destruction has taken place in the last 10 years due to agriculture and cattle grazing. In Haiti, severe habitat destruction has occurred in the Formon-Macaya region, including throughout Parc National Macaya, mainly due to logging (charcoal collection) by locals and slash and burn agriculture.
It occurs in Parc Naturel Morne La Visite and Parc National Macaya in Haiti, and also in Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruca and Parque Nacional Sierra Bahoruca Oriental in the Dominican Republic. There is an urgent need for strengthened management and protection of these reserves, particularly on the Tiburon Peninsula.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat on Hispaniola is declining.
Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell 2004. Eleutherodactylus heminota. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56651A11514042. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56651A11514042.en .Downloaded on 15 November 2018