This species has a restricted range on the Massif de la Selle, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) where it is known from only two isolated sites, one in Haiti, and one in the Dominican Republic. Its altitudinal range is 1,045-1,303m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits high-elevation mesic forests, occurring in bromeliads in tall trees (which it uses as diurnal retreats, and for calling sites and breeding). It breeds by direct development.
This species is probably very rare; very few specimens have ever been collected and few individuals have been heard calling.
The primary threat to the species is habitat destruction due to small-scale agriculture and charcoaling, a particular threat to the tall trees that are its favoured habitat.
The species occurs in the Parque Nacional Sierra de Baoruco in the Dominican Republic, but is not known to occur in a protected area in Haiti. Maintenance of the existing habitat is urgently needed, and further survey work is required to determine the current population status of the species.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2 and its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its range is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat on the Massif de la Selle and the Sierra de Baoruco, in Hispaniola, is declining.
Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell 2004. Eleutherodactylus fowleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56605A11501638. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56605A11501638.en .Downloaded on 17 November 2018