Eleutherodactylus fowleri

Subgenus: Eleutherodactylus
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Dominican Republic, Haiti


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a restricted range on the Massif de la Selle, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) where it is known from only two isolated sites, one in Haiti, and one in the Dominican Republic. Its altitudinal range is 1,045-1,303m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits high-elevation mesic forests, occurring in bromeliads in tall trees (which it uses as diurnal retreats, and for calling sites and breeding). It breeds by direct development.


This species is probably very rare; very few specimens have ever been collected and few individuals have been heard calling.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The primary threat to the species is habitat destruction due to small-scale agriculture and charcoaling, a particular threat to the tall trees that are its favoured habitat.

Conservation Actions

The species occurs in the Parque Nacional Sierra de Baoruco in the Dominican Republic, but is not known to occur in a protected area in Haiti. Maintenance of the existing habitat is urgently needed, and further survey work is required to determine the current population status of the species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2 and its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its range is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat on the Massif de la Selle and the Sierra de Baoruco, in Hispaniola, is declining.


Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell 2004. Eleutherodactylus fowleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56605A11501638. .Downloaded on 18 January 2019


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