Eleutherodactylus cavernicola

Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Jamaica



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is only known from two caves near Jackson's Bay, on the Portland Ridge Peninsula, very close to sea level (10-15 m asl), in Jamaica.

Habitat and Ecology

It has only been recorded inhabiting caves in moderately well-forested areas. Eggs are laid among rocks and it breeds by direct development.


It is a very rare species and is difficult to find. It was last seen in 1984 (Hedges and Díaz 2009), but there have been no surveys for the species since.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The caves in which it occurs on the Portland Ridge Peninsula are being disturbed by humans, including by people occupying caves illegally. There is also significant disturbance of the habitat from agriculture, the nearby lighthouse, and from touristic activities.

Conservation Actions

It is not known to occur in any protected areas, but both caves are currently within an area designated as a national park for the future (although this is not yet confirmed). One cave is currently within the Jackson Bay Hunting Club.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the quality of its habitat in the Portland Ridge Peninsula, Jamaica, is declining.


Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson 2010. Eleutherodactylus cavernicola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T7143A12829826. .Downloaded on 19 February 2019


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