Ichthyophis kohtaoensis
family: Ichthyophiidae

© 2017 Dr. Joachim Nerz (1 of 13)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Thailand


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known with certainty only from Kohtao Island, Thailand. However, the tradition has become to assign most striped caecilians from mainland Southeast Asia to this name, as mapped. The attributed range of this species is Peninsular and Mainland Thailand, southeastern Myanmar, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Cambodia and Viet Nam. However, this requires further examination, and the taxonomy might be faulty. Specimens from Yunnan in China are attributed here to Ichthyophis bannanicus.

Habitat and Ecology

It is known to inhabit evergreen forest and streamside gallery forest, as well as agricultural lands and urban areas. A population of Ichthyophis cf. kohtaoensis from the Mekong valley, northeastern Thailand, was found in various terrestrial macrohabitats including open scrubs, gallery forests and open secondary forests. In the dry season, individuals of this population were found mainly in soil but in the rainy season they were also detected in leaf litter or rotten vegetation (Kupfer et al. 2005). This is an oviparous species with terrestrial eggs and aquatic larvae in forest streams and pools. The clutch size for the population from the Mekong Valley ranges from 32-58 eggs (Kupfer et al. 2006). It is considered to be an adaptable species.


There are places within its range where it appears to be locally abundant. In the Mekong Valley, Thailand, individuals have been recorded at low densities (median 0.08 individuals/m²) (Kupfer et al. 2005).

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is an adaptable species that is unlikely to be facing any significant threats.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in many protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

This is a very poorly circumscribed species in need of taxonomic review (M. Wilkinson pers. comm.). Old records of Ichthyophis glutinosus in Southeast Asia are tentatively included here, with the expectation that further taxonomic research will separate this species into several taxa.


van Dijk, P.P., Wilkinson, M., Gower, D. & Kupfer, A. 2004. Ichthyophis kohtaoensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59623A11970469. .Downloaded on 18 January 2019


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