This species is known from the western cordilleras and western Atlantic lowlands of Panama adjacent to south-eastern Costa Rica, and central Panama and the eastern lowlands and cordilleras. It is also present on Isla Colón. In Colombia, it is known from north of the central and western Cordillera in the departments of Choco and Antioquia. It has been recorded from 110–1,160 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is found on the forest floor and along rocky sections of forest streams in humid lowland and montane forest. The eggs are deposited in leaf-litter, and the adults carry the tadpoles to streams where they develop further.
This is a common species. However, it has been extirpated at El Copé in Panama (Crawford et al. 2010), and was detected at Altos de Campana National Park in Panama before the epizootic chytridiomycosis but not after successive surveys in 2006 and 2007, suggesting chytrid-related declines (Woodhams et al. 2008). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat and disease, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
Agriculture (crops, plantations and livestock), logging, agricultural pollution and the fumigation of crops are major threats to the species’ habitat.
Chytridiomycosis appears to be a threat to this species, with Bd-related declines in Panama subpopulations (Woodhams et al. 2008).
The range of the species in Colombia includes Los Katios National Park, and it is known from a number of protected areas in Panama.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Colostethus pratti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T55135A54343915. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T55135A54343915.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019