This species occurs in extreme south-eastern Guatemala, northern and central El Salvador, and south-western to south-central Honduras, from 1,440-2,050 m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
This stream-breeding species lives on low vegetation along streams in premontane to lower montane moist forest. It is tolerant of some habitat disturbance; however, it requires some woody vegetation, such as trees along streams in pastureland.
It is relatively common.
The main threats are habitat loss due to expanding agriculture, creation of pasturelands, and forest fires. Chytridiomycosis is also a major threat, and declines due to the disease have already been detected amongst species of this genus in Guatemala (Mendelson et al. 2004), and similar declines have also been observed in Honduras.
It occurs in protected areas in all three countries. Given the risk of chytridiomycosis, there may be a need to establish a captive-breeding programme for this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and a projected decline in the number of mature individuals due to the effects of chytridiomycosis.
Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D., McCranie, R., Köhler, G., Acevedo, M. & Mendelson, J.R. 2006. Ptychohyla salvadorensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T55916A86104981. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T55916A11390959.en .Downloaded on 21 November 2018