Plectrohyla hartwegi
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2012 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 18)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in Chiapas, Mexico, and western Guatemala, in an altitudinal range of 1,000-2,400m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a high-elevation cloud forest species, associated with rocky mountain streams where it breeds.


A recent survey in Chiapas indicated its disappearance, at least from some localities, and there have been no records from Mexico since 1993. A survey of Río Cafetal, Baja Verapaz, Guatemala in the Sierra de las Minas, showed a dramatic decline of this species, most likely due to chytridiomycosis (confirmed in a tadpole of another species at the same site). The survey also showed that the species no longer appears to be breeding at this site, although tadpoles have been observed at nearby localities.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Although chytridiomycosis is the suspected cause of decline in Mexico and in Guatemala, deforestation and transformation of the original forested areas due to agriculture, logging and human settlement is also a major threat to the species.

Conservation Actions

This species occurs in the Reserva de la Biósfera El Triunfo, and also in Biotopo del Quetzal and the Reserva de la Biósfera Sierra de las Minas. Protection of the cloud forested areas in southern Chiapas is needed. In view of the severe risk of chytridiomycosis, ex-situ populations might need to be established. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because of a projected population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the next ten years, probably due to chytridiomycosis.


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Manuel Acevedo 2004. Plectrohyla hartwegi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55877A11367812. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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