AMPHIBIAWEB

Micrixalidae

24 species in 1 genus

Commonly Called Tropical Frogs, Indian Dancing Frogs


Micrixalus kottigeharensis
Photo by K.P. Dinesh
(Click for family gallery)

These frogs are found exclusively in the Western Ghats of India, similar to the Nyctibatrachidae, and likewise our natural history knowledge is incomplete. What is known, mostly from Micrixalus saxicola, is fascinating; males contest for nesting sites by foot-flagging displays where they extend one hindleg at a time, spreading their webbing on foot. It has been documented in several species (Micrixalus elegans, M. fuscus, M. herrei, M. kottigeharensis, M. nelliyampathi, M. niluvasei, M. saxicola, M. specca, M. uttaraghati). Females lay their eggs underground or bury them where they hatch. In Micrixalus herrei at least, tadpoles live a fossorial lifestyle, using their eel-like bodies to maneuver through the substrate.

Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Inhabits streams, stream banks in tropical rainforest
  • Males engage in foot-flagging displays to establish nesting sites
  • Eggs laid underground with fossorial tadpoles
  • Morphological characters include: Finger and toes with dermal fringes, and discs dilated with dorsoterminal grooves; pupil oval; webbing absent on hand; pineal ocellus present, vomerine teeth and ridge absent.
  • Distribution limited to Western Ghats of India

Relevant Reference

Biju, S. et al., (2014). DNA barcoding reveals unprecedented diversity in Dancing Frogs of India (Micrixalidae, Micrixalus): a taxonomic revision with description of 14 new species. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences). 43(1), pp.37–123. http://doi.org/10.4038/cjsbs.v43i1.6850

Pough, F. H., R. M. Andrews, M. L. Crump, A. H. Savitzky, K. D. Wells, and M. C. Brandley. 2015. Herpetology. Fourth Edition. Massachusetts: Sinauer.

Vitt, L. J., and J. P. Caldwell. 2013. Herpetology. An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Fourth Edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Genus Micrixalus (24 species)
Micrixalus adonis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Micrixalus candidus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus elegans no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus frigidus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus fuscus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Micrixalus gadgili no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus herrei AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus kodayari no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus kottigeharensis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Micrixalus kurichiyari no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus mallani no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus nelliyampathi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Micrixalus nigraventris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus niluvasei no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus nudis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus phyllophilus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Micrixalus sairandhri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus sali no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus saxicola no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Micrixalus silvaticus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus specca no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus spelunca no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus thampii no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Micrixalus uttaraghaati no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video


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