Dicamptodontidae (see family information on Tree of Life site)
4 species in 1 genus
Medium to large terrestrial salamanders, distributed in the western United States. Largest living terrestrial salamanders, with Dicamptodon reaching up to 351 mm. The aquatic larvae require 2 to 4.5 years to reach metamorphosis. Members of this family are restricted to wooded areas that have clear, permanent streams in which their larvae can metamorphose. Tending to be nocturnal, they can also be found in dark, heavy canopied forest (usually redwood or Douglas fir) during the day. Large metamorphosed individuals can be aggressive and may cause you to bleed if bitten. They are also known to eat small mammals. Adults can produce a "barking" noise. Some morphological characters are: 1) vomerine teeth in "M" shape; 2) lacrimal present; 3) very large terrestrial salamanders with marbled dorsal patterns.
Photo by Harry Greene
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Genus Dicamptodon (4 species)
Dicamptodon aterrimus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video Dicamptodon copei AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video Dicamptodon ensatus AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video Dicamptodon tenebrosus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2016. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: 2016).
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