This species is known only from the type locality of Kaikatti (at 1,000 m asl), in the Nelliyampathi Hills, within the Western Ghats mountain range in India (Biju and Bossuyt 2009). Its AOO is thought to be less than 10 km2 (estimated from the remaining suitable habitat in the area), its EOO less than 100 km2, and it is believed to be endemic to the Nelliyampathi Hills (S.D. Biju pers. comm. January 2011).
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in evergreen forest patches (Biju and Bossuyt 2009). Individuals are nocturnal and have been found in 1 m tall trees (Biju and Bossuyt 2009). Like other congeners, this species is thought to breed by direct development (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010).
It is considered to be rare since it was only found in its type locality despite intensive surveys efforts in suitable neighbouring areas (S.D. Biju per. comm. December 2010). Its population is presumed to be declining (S.D. Biju pers. comm. January 2011).
Habitat loss and fragmentation due to small and large-scale agricultural practices and due to infrastructure development and construction for tourism over the past five years are major threats to this species (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010).
This species does not occur within any protected area (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010). Habitat conservation should be a priority for this species, given its currently understood distribution. More information is needed on this species' population status, natural history and threats.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its area of occupancy (AOO) is estimated to be less than 10 km2, its extent of occurrence (EOO) less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Nelliyampathi Hills, Western Ghats of India.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2011. Raorchestes kaikatti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T186163A8503420. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T186163A8503420.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019