This species ranges from northern Algeria, east to western Tunisia, but is absent from the Edough Peninsula in northern Algeria. The distribution map for this species largely follows the map presented in Veith et al. (2004), but its occurrence within this range is very limited due to fragmented habitat. The altitudinal range of the species is not known.
Habitat and Ecology
This is presumed to be a largely aquatic species dependent upon cisterns, ponds, swamps, and other wetlands. It is not clear if this salamander uses terrestrial habitats. This species has a similar breeding strategy to Pleurodeles waltl, depositing its eggs and completing larval development within water.
It is a rare and declining species.
The species is threatened by pollution of natural breeding ponds (dayas), through expansion and intensification of agriculture (livestock) in the region (Schleich et al. 1996). There is only limited suitable habitat within its range, suggesting that its populations could be small and severely fragmented.
It is not known whether or not the species occurs in any protected areas.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in northern Algeria and Tunisia.
Carranza and Wade (2004) showed that most of the animals from North Africa previously referred to as Pleurodeles poireti actually belong to Pleurodeles nebulosus, true P. poireti being restricted to the Edough Peninsula in northern Algeria.
Donaire-Barroso, D., Salvador, A., Slimani, T., El Mouden, E.H., Geniez, P. & Mateo, J.A. 2006. Pleurodeles nebulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61919A86178127. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T61919A12572868.en