Levant Green Frog, Jaza' Akhdar
© 2015 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 11)
The dorsum is typically greenish or brownish, sometimes with a narrow, light-yellowish mid-dorsal stripe. Large dark spots are scattered over the body. Limbs have dark crossbars, and ventral sides appear whitish. The throat is darker than the rest of the body.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Egypt, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey. Introduced: Malta.
Rana bedriagae is widespread in the Eastern Mediterranean. In Turkey, it is commonly found along the Aegean coast and in the southern part of the Anatolian highlands. It is present on the island of Rhodes in Greece, and much of Cyprus. Large numbers can be found in eastern Syria, with some isolated populations in the north and east. It is common throughout Lebanon, northeastern Jordan, and much of Israel except the south. Unconfirmed sightings have also been reported from Iraq.
In Egypt, R. bedriagae is common but localized. Within Egypt, this species can be found in the Nile Valley, the Fayoum basin, northeast Sinai, in and around Cairo, and is most widespread in the Nile Delta. Sightings have been recorded as far south as the city of Luxor. The history of its distribution in Egypt is unclear. It may have been introduced there in the last century, since the first reported observation dates to 1968. There were no sightings in the Nile Valley south of Cairo until the High Dam was built. The resulting ecological shift downstream, however, has allowed this species to spread southward. Rana bedriagae is a highly aquatic frog. It is found generally in swampy habitats like permanent wetlands or aquatic vegetation. It is common in ponds, rain pools, streams, rivers, irrigation channels, reservoirs, marshes, springs and fishponds. It can occasionally also be found in surrounding terrestrial habitats. It prefers humid areas.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Call duration is approximately 1 second, with 5.89 pulse groups/call, and 12.36 pulses/group. To hear the call, go to the Tree of Life webpage for Rana bedriagae.
Trends and Threats
In Israel, it is protected by legislation. It is found in several protected areas in Jordan: the Azraq Wetland Reserve, the Dana Wildlife Reserve, and the Al Maujib Wildlife Reserve. It also occurs within several protected areas in Lebanon: Arz El-Shouf, Horj Ehden, the Ammiq marshes and the Sandy Beach of Sour. In Lebanon, there are no threats to the species.
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Baha El Din, S. (2006). A Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo.
Written by Taha Jabbar (tjabbar AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2009-03-19
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2018-12-14)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2018 Pelophylax bedriagae: Levant Green Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5078> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 23, 2019.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2019. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Sep 2019.
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