Pelophylax bedriagae
Levant Green Frog, Jaza' Akhdar
family: Ranidae

© 2015 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 11)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



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Pelophylax bedriagae (formerly Rana), or the Levant Green Frog, is a fairly large toad, with a maximum SVL length of 78.5 mm in males, and 92.8 mm in females. It has a pointed snout and 2 distinct, longitudinal dorsolateral ridges. The hind limbs are long, with extensive webbing between the digits. Males have paired slits running from the corner of the mouth to the base of the forelimb.

The dorsum is typically greenish or brownish, sometimes with a narrow, light-yellowish mid-dorsal stripe. Large dark spots are scattered over the body. Limbs have dark crossbars, and ventral sides appear whitish. The throat is darker than the rest of the body.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Egypt, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey. Introduced: Malta.


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

Rana bedriagae is widespread in the Eastern Mediterranean. In Turkey, it is commonly found along the Aegean coast and in the southern part of the Anatolian highlands. It is present on the island of Rhodes in Greece, and much of Cyprus. Large numbers can be found in eastern Syria, with some isolated populations in the north and east. It is common throughout Lebanon, northeastern Jordan, and much of Israel except the south. Unconfirmed sightings have also been reported from Iraq.

In Egypt, R. bedriagae is common but localized. Within Egypt, this species can be found in the Nile Valley, the Fayoum basin, northeast Sinai, in and around Cairo, and is most widespread in the Nile Delta. Sightings have been recorded as far south as the city of Luxor. The history of its distribution in Egypt is unclear. It may have been introduced there in the last century, since the first reported observation dates to 1968. There were no sightings in the Nile Valley south of Cairo until the High Dam was built. The resulting ecological shift downstream, however, has allowed this species to spread southward. Rana bedriagae is a highly aquatic frog. It is found generally in swampy habitats like permanent wetlands or aquatic vegetation. It is common in ponds, rain pools, streams, rivers, irrigation channels, reservoirs, marshes, springs and fishponds. It can occasionally also be found in surrounding terrestrial habitats. It prefers humid areas.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Rana bedriagae is largely diurnal, though it has occasionally been spotted at night as well. It breeds throughout early spring to late summer. Breeding generally happens in shallow, sheltered water bodies.

Call duration is approximately 1 second, with 5.89 pulse groups/call, and 12.36 pulses/group. To hear the call, go to the Tree of Life webpage for Rana bedriagae.

Trends and Threats
Localized loss of habitat through drainage of wetlands, pollution, excessive drought and development of coastal areas represents the primary cause for concern. Overall, however, this species is a resilient species, able to survive in areas with organic pollution, and tributaries from hot mineral springs.

In Israel, it is protected by legislation. It is found in several protected areas in Jordan: the Azraq Wetland Reserve, the Dana Wildlife Reserve, and the Al Maujib Wildlife Reserve. It also occurs within several protected areas in Lebanon: Arz El-Shouf, Horj Ehden, the Ammiq marshes and the Sandy Beach of Sour. In Lebanon, there are no threats to the species.

Relation to Humans
In Turkey, it is caught for food by hunters. It is also exported in large numbers from both Turkey and Egypt.

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss
Prolonged drought


Baha El Din, S. (2006). A Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo.

Written by Taha Jabbar (tjabbar AT, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2009-03-19
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2018-12-14)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2018 Pelophylax bedriagae: Levant Green Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 23, 2019.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2019. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Sep 2019.

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