Oophaga sylvatica
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Dendrobatinae

© 2010 Brad Wilson (1 of 9)

Anfibios del Ecuador

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in south-western Colombia (in Cauca and Narino Departments) and north-western Ecuador (in Pichincha, Esmeraldas, Imbabura, and Los Rios Provinces). It occurs from sea level up to 1,000m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in lowland and submontane rainforest and can survive in moderately degraded areas, at least in the more humid parts of its range. The eggs are laid on the ground, and the larvae are transported to bromeliads by the female.


It is very common in Colombia but has disappeared from most of its range in Ecuador, only still surviving in the north of its range in that country.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, mining and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. It is sometimes recorded in the international pet trade.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas in Colombia. In Ecuador, its range overlaps the Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas and Parque Nacional Mache-Chindul. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened since although this species is still relatively widely distributed, it has declined seriously in Ecuador and its overall status is therefore of concern.

Taxonomic Notes

It is possible that this is a complex of several species (Lötters et al. 1999), with true O. sylvatica occurring in Ecuador.


Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Taran Grant, Stefan Lötters 2004. Oophaga sylvatica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55203A11264944.


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