The following is a general description of specimens assigned to M. femoralis. M 31-37 mm, F 45-55 mm in the types. Tibiotarsal articulation reaching between eye and nostril. Terminal discs of fingers and toes moderately enlarged. Dorsal skin granular. Populations that we preferably assign to M. femoralis are characterized by a rather distinct and large yellow patch in the inguinal region, with the yellow colour sometimes also extending onto the ventral side which otherwise is often rather dark-coloured (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar
This species is widely distributed at numerous localities in northern and eastern Madagascar, and also occurs at Isalo in western Madagascar. It ranges from sea level to 2500 m asl (Nussbaum et al. 2008).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Habits: Typically found along streams in rainforest, usually relatively near to the stream banks and not far from the water, although they usually are not found in the water (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Calls: Not reliably known (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Trends and Threats
This species is listed as least concern because its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. It occurs in many protected areas and is probably not threatened, except perhaps by extreme deforestation. However, some of the constituent species in the unresolved complex are possibly threatened (Nussbaum et al. 2008).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Taken with permission from Glaw and Vences (2007) and Nussbam et. al (2008).
Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
Nussbaum, R., Raxworthy, C. and Vallan, D. (2008). Mantidactylus femoralis. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 08 April 2009.
Written by Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences (m.vences AT tu-bs.de), Assistant Professor and Curator of Vertebrates at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Zoological Museum at the University of Amsterdam
First submitted 2000-12-13
Edited by Catherine Aguilar (2010-07-19)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Mantidactylus femoralis <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/4596> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 19, 2018.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 19 Sep 2018.
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