This species is restricted to the southern Anatolian coast, Turkey, where it is found from north-west of Fethiye to the eastern shore of Koycegiz Golu. It is also found on the islands of Tersane and Domuz. It ranges from sea level up to 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with rocky limestone outcrops, and is usually found in marquis scrub or pine woodland (and not in modified habitats). The species is viviparous, producing one or two fully metamorphosed young; the gestation period is about one year.
It is very common within its restricted range (Avci, pers. comm., September 2008).
Within its naturally restricted range, the major potential threat to this species is habitat loss caused by forest fires, and overcollection for scientific purposes. Currently, there is only limited habitat loss taking place, since the human population in its range is generally low, and there is little tourism in the area where it is found, but with ongoing development in the region habitat loss could become more severe.
It is present in Fethiye gocek Special Protected Area.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat from forest fire and coastal development.
This taxon was formerly considered to be a subspecies of Salamandra lushchani. It has been elevated to species level, and assigned to the genus Lyciasalamandra, by Veith and Steinfartz (2004).
Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Pierre-André Crochet, Theodore Papenfuss, Max Sparreboom, Sergius Kuzmin, Steven Anderson, Mathieu Denoël 2009. Lyciasalamandra fazilae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T61916A12572121. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T61916A12572121.en