Lyciasalamandra billae
family: Salamandridae
subfamily: Salamandrinae
Species Description: Veith M, Steinfartz S 2004 When non-monopyly results in taxonomic consequences - the case of Mertensiella within the Salamandridae (Amphibia:Urodela). Salamandra 40:67-80.

© 2007 Wouter Beukema (1 of 16)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Turkey


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to the east slope of the Saricinar Daglari, south-west of Antalya, Turkey. It ranges from sea level to 200m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is associated with rocky limestone outcrops, and is often found in maqui or pine woodlands. The species is live-bearing producing one or two fully metamorphosed young; the gestation period is about one year. The species does not occur in modified habitats.


It is common in its restricted range.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There is generally a low human population density and little tourism in the area where it is found, and limited habitat loss is taking place. However, a potential future threat is the loss of habitat due to ongoing development in the region and forest fires, as well as overcollection for scientific purposes.

Conservation Actions

This species has been recorded from the Çaliticak Protected Area.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)

Taxonomic Notes

This taxon was formerly considered to be a subspecies of Salamandra lushchani. It has been elevated to species level, and assigned to the genus Lyciasalamandra, by Veith and Steinfartz (2004).


Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumluta?, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Pierre-André Crochet, Theodore Papenfuss, Max Sparreboom, Sergius Kuzmin, Steven Anderson, Mathieu Denoël 2009. Lyciasalamandra billae. In: IUCN 2014


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