AmphibiaWeb - Litoria citropa


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Litoria citropa (Duméril & Bibron, 1841)
Blue Mountains Tree Frog
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Pelodryadinae
genus: Litoria
Taxonomic Notes: Following the Australian Society of Herpetology, AmphibiaWeb uses Litoria instead of Ranoidea or Dryopsophus (contrary to Dubois and Fretey 2016 and Duellman et al 2016).
Litoria citropa
© 2012 Eric Vanderduys (1 of 5)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
National Status None
Regional Status None


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Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Australia

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Along the coast of New South Wales and Victoria. From mid-eastern New South Wales to eastern Victoria. The extent of occurrence of the species is approximately 68000 km2

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Rarely seen. Wet or dry forest, temperate rainforest and woodland. Preferred habitat is rocky flowing streams in heavily forested areas. Often hides under rocks along streams. Restricted to streams with intact riparian vegetation. Breeding occurs in spring (September and October). Males call from a variety of positions, including from rocks and low vegetation within a few metres of shallow slow-flowing water. About 650-900 eggs are laid and sink to the bottom where they adhere to rocks in pools and backwaters of streams.

Trends and Threats
No known declines and extent of occurrence > 20, 000km2.

Loss of habitat for farming and urbanisation. Disturbances upstream of breeding sites.

Conservation Measures
Protected where it occurs in rainforest or in National Parks.


Anstis, M. and Littlejohn, M.J. (1996). ''The breeding biology of Litoria subglandulosa and L. citropa (Anura: Hylidae), and a re-evaluation of their geographic distribution.'' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 120, 83-99.

Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.

Gillespie, G.R. and Hines, H.B. (1999). ''Status of temperate riverine frogs in south-eastern Australia.'' Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs. A. Campbell, eds., Environment Australia, Canberra, 109-130.

Hero, J.-M., Littlejohn, M., and Marantelli, G. (1991). Frogwatch Field Guide to Victorian Frogs. Department of Conservation and Environment, Victoria.

Tyler, M.J. and Anstis, M. (1975). ''Taxonomy and biology of frogs of the Litoria citropa complex (Anura: Hylidae).'' Records of the South Australian Museum , 17(5), 41-50.

Originally submitted by: Jean-Marc Hero et. al. (first posted 2002-04-05)
Edited by: Ambika Sopory (2008-09-16)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2008 Litoria citropa: Blue Mountains Tree Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 13, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 13 Jul 2024.

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