AmphibiaWeb - Litoria caerulea


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Litoria caerulea (White, 1790)
Green Tree Frog
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Pelodryadinae
genus: Litoria
Taxonomic Notes: Following the Australian Society of Herpetology, AmphibiaWeb uses Litoria instead of Ranoidea or Dryopsophus (contrary to Dubois and Fretey 2016 and Duellman et al 2016).
Litoria caerulea
© 2006 Alberto Maceda Veiga (1 of 37)

sound file   hear call (839.0K MP3 file)
sound file   hear call (6164.6K WAV file)

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
National Status None
Regional Status None
conservation needs Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .


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View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
amphibiandisease logo View Bd and Bsal data (81 records).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea. Introduced: New Zealand, United States.

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Florida

Berkeley mapper logo

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
amphibiandisease logo View Bd and Bsal data (81 records).
Widespread species. Distributed from the Kimberley Region of Western Australia, through most of Northern Territory, all of Queensland, northern and central New South Wales and the north- east corner of South Australia. The extent of occurrence of the species is approximately 4078600 km2.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Found commonly near streams and swamps on rocks and trees or in crevices in rocks and hollow tree trunks. Also found in domestic environment, including letterboxes, toilet bowls and cisterns, bathrooms and meter boxes. Commonly kept as a pet within Australia and overseas (but now protected). Breeding occurs from November to February. Males call from hidden localities near water and often downpipes. Clumps of 200 – 2000 eggs are deposited on the surface of still water. The spawn sinks within 24 hours. Development is usually complete in 6 weeks.

Trends and Threats
No known declines and large extent of occurrence.

Pollution and predation by cats and dogs is a threat where the species occurs in suburban areas. Some animals have been found to be sick with chytrid fungus. Collection of tadpoles and movement of tadpoles. Juveniles often relocated by the transportation of fresh produce.

Conservation Measures
None in place, except restrictions on pet industry i.e. must have a permit to keep frogs.


Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.

Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.

Originally submitted by: Jean-Marc Hero et. al. (first posted 2002-04-05)
Edited by: Ambika Sopory (2008-09-16)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2008 Litoria caerulea: Green Tree Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 17, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 17 Jun 2024.

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