Olive Reed Frog
Species Description: Peters, W. C. H. 1876. Eine zweite Mittheilung über die von Hrn. Professor Dr. R. Buchholz in Westafrica gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussische Akademie des Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876: 117–123. Resurrected from subspecies status in Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris by Bell RC, Parra JL, Badjedjea G, Barej MF, Blackburn DC, Burger M, Channing A, Dehling JM, Greenbaum E, Gvozdik V, Kielgast J, Kusamba C, Loetters S, McLaughlin PJ, Nagy Z, Roedel M-O, Portik DM, Stuarr BL,VanDerWal J, Zassi-Boulou AG, Zamudio KR 2017 Idiosyncratic responses to climate-driven forest fragmentation and marine incursions in reed frogs from Central Afica and the Gulf of Guinea islands. Molecular Ecology doi:10.1111/mec.14260
© 2017 Rayna Bell (1 of 1)
Hyperolius olivaceus can be differentiated from other reed frogs of the region based on coloration, ecological niche, and genetics. More specifically, H. olivaceus is sexually dichromatic (females are green and males are tan with bright yellow dorsolateral lines) while H. drewesi and H. veithi are sexually monochromatic (H. drewesi is green and H. veithi are tan with bright yellow dorsolateral lines, respectively). Hyperolius olivaceus is smaller (19 – 28 mm snout-vent length) than H. thomensis (36 – 41 mm snout-vent length), and H. thomensis has a marbled black/orange belly, while H. olivaceus has a uniform white belly. Hyperolius molleri differs from H. olivaceus by the former having an red/orange coloration on the dorsal and ventral sides of the thigh (Bell 2016). Hyperolius olivaceus can be differentiated from H. cinnamomeoventris, from which it was split, by geography and the environmental niche it occupies. Hyperolius olivaceus are found in lower Guinean forest while H. cinnamomeoventris are found in Congolian forests (Bell et al. 2017).
In life, males are brownish to green, usually with a white to tan dorsolateral line. The females have a uniform green dorsum delimited from the white ventrum by an irregular black lateral line (Bell 2016).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Congo, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the, Gabon
Trends and Threats
Multilocus molecular data, including mitochondrial and nuclear sequences, indicate that H. olivaceus is in the genus Hyperolius and is part of the H. cinnamomeoventris species complex, which at the time of H. olivaceus's elevation to full species, included six described species: H. cinnamomeoventris, H. olivaceus, and H. veithi from continental Africa, H. molleri and H. thomensis endemic to São Tomé Island, and H. drewesi endemic to Príncipe Island in the Gulf of Guinea archipelago (Schick et al. 2010; Bell et al. 2015, Bell 2016, Bell et al. 2017). Hyperolius olivaceus was considered a subspecies of H. cinnamomeoventris by Laurent (1943), however, Bell et al. (2017) resurrected H. olivaceus from subspecies status based on their findings that H. cinnamomeoventris and H. veithi are sister lineages and H. olivaceus and the island endemics are sister lineages. Additionally, H. cinnamomeoventris and H. olivaceus occupy different environmental niches. The species tree reconstruction also strongly supported the finding that H. veithi, H. cinnamomeoventris and H. olivaceus were distinct lineages (Bell et al. 2017).
Bell RC, Drewes, RC, Channing A, Gvozdik V, Kielgast J, Lötters S, Stuart BL, Zamudio KR (2015). ''Overseas dispersal of Hyperolius reed frogs from Central Africa to the oceanic islands of Sao Tome and Principe.'' Journal of Biogeography, 42(1), 65-75. [link]
Bell RC, Parra JL, Badjedjea G, Barej MF, Blackburn DC, Burger M, Channing A, Dehling JM, Greenbaum E, Gvozdík V, Kielgast J, Kusamba C, Lötters S, McLaughlin PJ, Nagy ZT, Rödel M-O, Portik DM, Stuart BL, VanDerWal J, Zassi-Boulu, A-G, Zamudio KR (2017). ''Idiosyncratic responses to climate-driven forest fragmentation and marine incursions in reed frogs from Central Africa and the Gulf of Guinea Islands.'' Molecular Ecology, 26(19), 5223-5244. [link]
Bell, R.C. (2016). ''A new species of Hyperolius (Amphibia: Hyperoliidae) from Príncipe Island, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe.'' Herpetologica , 72(4), 343-351. [link]
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2016). ''Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris.'' The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T16854256A16854265. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T16854256A16854265.en. Downloaded on 25 November 2019.
Schick S, Kielgast J, Rödder D, Muchai V, Burger M, Lötters S. (2010). ''New species of reed frog from the Congo basin with discussion of paraphyly in Cinnamon-belly reed frogs.'' Zootaxa, 2501(1), 23-36. [link]
Written by Rayna C. Bell (rbell AT calacademy.org), California Academy of Sciences
First submitted 2019-11-25
Edited by Ann T. Chang (2020-08-21)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2020 Hyperolius olivaceus: Olive Reed Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/8681> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 20, 2020.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 20 Sep 2020.
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