Hyloxalus infraguttatus
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Hyloxalinae

© 2014 Paul Szekely (1 of 5)

Anfibios del Ecuador

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on the western slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes and the coastal Cordillera in the provinces of Manabí, Guayas, Bolívar, Los Ríos, Azuay, and El Oro. It has been recorded from 70-1,500m asl (Coloma 1995) and has also recently been found in Loja (Almeida 2002).

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits humid premontane forest, tropical thicket and thorny scrub, and very dry tropical forest (Coloma 1995). Eggs are laid on land in leaf-litter or under rocks, and the larvae are then carried to water by the adults where they develop further.


It is a common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats to this species are agricultural development (involving cultivation of crops and rearing of livestock), logging, and creation of wood plantations. Introduced goats are also degrading the species' habitat, which is severely fragmented.

Conservation Actions

Its geographic range overlaps with Parque Nacional Machalilla, Reserva Ecológica Manglares Churute, and Reserva Ecológica Arenillas.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.


Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Hyloxalus infraguttatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55095A11241073.


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