This species is known only from four nearby localities at elevations of 2,340-3,000m on the western slopes of the Andes in Carchi Province, in extreme north-western Ecuador.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in wetlands and bogs, and in areas of cattle ranching surrounded by forest remnants. It lays its eggs on the ground, and the males carry the tadpoles to water where they develop further. Tadpoles have been found in the months of February and April (Yánez-Muñoz and Meza-Ramos 2006).
It is locally uncommon. Fifty calling males were recorded in 2003 in Moran, Carchi Province. A more recent study in this locality suggests that the population size is less than 40 individuals (Yánez-Muñoz and Meza-Ramos 2006). It appears to have disappeared from historical localities.
Habitat destruction and degradation is a significant threat to this species, due mainly to agriculture (including livestock ranching) and logging. It is possible that this species has been impacted by chytridiomycosis, which has been confirmed in other frog species within its range.
The species is not known to occur in any protected areas, and there is a need for urgent habitat protection at sites at which it is known to survive.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz 2010. Hyloxalus delatorreae. In: IUCN 2014