AmphibiaWeb - Hylarana garoensis


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Hylarana garoensis (Boulenger, 1920)
Boulenger's Garo Hill Frog, Garo Hills Frog
family: Ranidae
genus: Hylarana
Taxonomic Notes: While not formally treated by Oliver LA, Prendini E, Kraus F, Raxworthy CJ 2015 Systematics and biogeography of the Hylarana frog (Anura: Ranidae) radiation across tropical Australasia, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Mol Phylog Evol 90: 176-192, this taxon is most likely not a member of the now small monophyletic clade recognized as Hylarana.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
National Status None
Regional Status None


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Rana garoensis is a small frog measuring up to 32 mm SVL. The dorsal surface is grayish brown and granular, and the ventral surface is white and smooth. R. garoensis has a head that is longer than it is wide, with a pointed snout extending slightly beyond the mouth. The tympanum is small and distinct. Forelimbs are moderately long and the hindlimbs are long. Fingers are free, with the tips dilating into small discs with grooves, and the third finger being the longest. The fingers have moderately large, prominent subarticular tubercles. In contrast, the toes are fully webbed, with the tips of the toes more dilated than the fingers. The subarticular tubercles of the toes are small but quite pronounced, with an oval inner metatarsal tubercle and a small, rounded outer metatarsal tubercle. (Chanda 2002).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India

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R. garoensis is found in the forests of the Garo Hills, in Meghalaya, India (Tiwan 1991; Chanda 2002).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
This species is nocturnal (Chanda 2002).

Trends and Threats
This species is not well known. It may now include Rana danieli but requires further taxonomic investigation; the combined species are thought to be locally abundant but declining (GAA 2006).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss


Chanda, S.K. (2002). Handbook: Indian Amphibians. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.

IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2006. Global Amphibian Assessment. Accessed on 2 April 2007.

Tiwan, S. K. (1991). Zoogeography of Indian Amphibians. Scholarly Publications, Houston.

Originally submitted by: Rupi Mudan (first posted 2012-07-20)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2012-07-20)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2012 Hylarana garoensis: Boulenger's Garo Hill Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 24, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 24 Jun 2024.

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