M 26-29 mm, F 28-33 mm. White stripe along upper lip usually interrupted. Skin relatively smooth, no ridges. Inner metatarsal tubercle relatively large and not dark pigmented (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar
Andohahela, Befotaka, Chaines Anosyennes, Isaka-Ivondro, Manantantely, Midongy du Sud, Nahampoana, Sainte Luce, Soavala (Glaw and Vences 2007). It occurs between sea level to 900 m asl (Raxworthy and Andreone 2008). This species is found in leaf-litter in rainforest, degraded habitats with tree cover, and eucalyptus plantations (Raxworthy and Andreone 2008).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Habits: Similar to G. boulengeri, where males call during the day from the forest floor, or from perches up to 100 cm above the ground (Glaw and Vences 2007). It is independent of water and is presumed to breed by direct development (Raxworthy and Andreone 2008).
Calls: Similar to G. boulengeri but more notes per call (13-47) (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Trends and Threats
Found in two protected areas, the Parc National d’Andohahela and the Parc National de Midongy-du-Sud. Although this species is abundant and adaptable, in the parts of its range outside of the protected regions it faces habitat loss due to subsistence agriculture, logging, charcoal manufacture, livestock grazing and expanding human settlement (Raxworthy and Andreone 2008).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Subtle changes to necessary specialized habitat
Taken with permission from Glaw and Vences (2007).
Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
Raxworthy, C., and Andreone, F. (2008). Gephyromantis leucocephalus. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 24 March 2009.
Written by Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (m.vences AT tu-bs.de), Assistant Professor and Curator of Vertebrates at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Zoological Museum at the University of Amsterdam
First submitted 2009-03-17
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2009-03-24)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2009 Gephyromantis leucocephalus <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/6555> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 16, 2019.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2019. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 16 Feb 2019.
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