Ecnomiohyla phantasmagoria
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae
Species Description: Faivovich et al. 2005 Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 294:1-240.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from two localities nearly 1,000km apart from each other: Río Cauca, near the border of Antioquia and Bolivar Departments in north-western Colombia; and extreme north-western Esmeraldas Province, in Ecuador, at 500m. It is likely to occur between these two localities.

Habitat and Ecology

It is an inhabitant of the canopy of rainforest, and probably breeds in tree holes.


It appears to be an extremely rare species, though this might be an artefact of it being a canopy species that is very hard to detect.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are likely to be deforestation for agricultural development, planting of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. Both localities from which is has been recorded are seriously threatened, with the only known site in Colombia particularly threatened by the expansion of livestock farming.

Conservation Actions

It is not known from any protected areas, and habitat protection is urgently required. Further survey work is necessary to determine the current population status of this species and the limits of its range.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the new genus Ecnomiohyla (Faivovich et al. 2005). We follow Duellman (2001) and Savage (2002) in considering this as a species distinct from Ecnomiohyla miliaria.


Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Juan Manuel Renjifo 2004. Ecnomiohyla phantasmagoria. In: IUCN 2014


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