AMPHIBIAWEB
Cacosternum platys
Flat Dainty frog
family: Pyxicephalidae
subfamily: Cacosterninae

© 2011 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 2)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is distributed in the southwestern Western Cape Province in South Africa, along the Cape Peninsula. Based on genetics, the currently known easternmost limit is at Kenilworth Racecoarse and Rondevlei (Channing et al. 2013). It is a low altitude species, its EOO is 317 km2 and its AOO is estimated to be 55 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a species of fynbos heath land, and in the dry season individuals have been found aestivating under stones or logs and among the roots of dead reed-like plants in dried up watercourses. It typically breeds in seasonally inundated fynbos.

Population

It is locally abundant where it occurs in aquatic habitats throughout the Cape peninsula, but is absent from artificial habitats, including impoundements and garden ponds, which make up most of the freshwater sites within its extent of occurrence (J. Measey pers. comm. March 2016). All of the sites from which it is known have a protected status.

Population Trend

unknown

Major Threats

The Cape peninsula is under huge pressure from urban development, the draining of wetlands and invasive alien plants. This species is found primarily within protected areas where all of these threats are actively managed.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in several protected areas in the Cape Floral Region.

Research Needed
Studies on its population size, distribution and trends, life history and ecology, and threats are needed.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)

Rationale

Its area of occupancy (AOO) and extent of occurrence (EOO) are 55 km2 and 317 kmrespectively, meeting the threshold for the Endangered category, and there is ongoing decline in the quality and extent of its habitat outside protected areas. However, it is an abundant species with a presumed large population and occurs primarily within areas where threats are actively managed. The species does not therefore meet all the required criteria to be listed as Endangered and it has, therefore, been listed as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was removed from the synonymy of Cacosternum boettgeri by Channing (2001), where it had been placed by Poynton (1964). Channing et al. (2013) described four new species in Cacosternum genus and revised the distribution of known Cacosternum species, so the range of C. platys has been restricted (southern Cape Peninsula populations are now referred to as C. australis, sister species of C. platys).

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group, South African Frog Re-assessment Group (SA-FRoG) 2017. Cacosternum platys. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T58072A100022964. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T58072A100022964.en .Downloaded on 11 December 2018

 

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