Arthroleptis fichika
Hidden Squeaker Frog
family: Arthroleptidae
Species Description: Blackburn DC 2009 Description and phylogenetic relationships of two new species of miniature Arthroleptis (Anura: Arthropletidae) from the eastern arc mountains of Tanzania. Bulletin Mus Comp Zool 517:1-17.

© 2009 Luke Mahler (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Tanzania, United Republic of



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from two forest reserves in the West Usambara Mountains, northeastern Tanzania, and is known to occur between 1,300–1,900 m asl (Blackburn 2009). Although it is possible that it may occur more widely, it appears to be restricted to the West Usambara Mountains. These mountains have an estimated extent of less than 320 km² (Burgess et al. 2007 in Blackburn 2009).

Habitat and Ecology

This species has been found in leaf litter in dense, montane forest (Blackburn 2009). It is presumed to breed by direct development.


No population status information is currently available for this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat to this frog is continuous loss and degradation of its habitat due primarily to agriculture, grazing, logging and anthropogenic modification of the habitat, which has been taking place over the last 2,000 years. However, it appears that habitat degradation may have escalated in the last 110 years with the arrival of European colonizers (Conte 2004). Agricultural/pastoral and forestry uses of the landscape occur throughout these mountains and at most elevations (D. Blackburn pers. comm. March 2010).

Conservation Actions

Although this species occurs in two neighbouring forest reserves, it is still threatened by habitat degradation and loss. What is more, it is a cryptic species; thus, further survey work is needed to determine its distribution, population status and natural history.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in West Usambara Mountains.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group, 2010. Arthroleptis fichika. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T175359A7137532. .Downloaded on 23 February 2019


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