This species is confined to a very small area (between 500 and 800 m asl) of the Klein Swartberg near Caledon, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Reduction of the very small AOO (0.9 km
Habitat and Ecology
This species occupies indigenous fynbos heathland vegetation and can be found in dense restios stands in close proximity to seepages. The area it occupies is under threat from alien vegetation and too frequent fires and has an ongoing decline in quality. It is a direct developing species laying around 10 eggs like other members of the genus.
The main threats to this species are fires which cause extreme population fluctuations and have a synergistic effect on alien invasive plants which are degrading and drying seepages. Both threats are extensive and severe on the entire distribution of this species.
Identification of impact of threats and their management is seen as a key area of research for the conservation of this species. An invasive alien plant clearing plan for the site is a priority and is being developed by CapeNature and private land owners. This and other members of the genus require more information on life history, dispersal and population size to be followed by monitoring.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
This species was recently described by Turner & Channing (2008).
South African Frog Re-assessment Group (SA-FRoG) & IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2010. Arthroleptella rugosa. In: IUCN 2014