Arthroleptella rugosa
family: Pyxicephalidae
subfamily: Cacosterninae
Species Description: Turner AA Channing A 2008 A new species of Arthroleptella Hewitt, 1926 (Anura : Pyxicephalidae) from the Klein Swartberg Mountain, Caledon, South Africa. Afr. J. Herpetol. 57: 1-12.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is confined to a very small area (between 500 and 800 m asl) of the Klein Swartberg near Caledon, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Reduction of the very small AOO (0.9 km

Habitat and Ecology

This species occupies indigenous fynbos heathland vegetation and can be found in dense restios stands in close proximity to seepages. The area it occupies is under threat from alien vegetation and too frequent fires and has an ongoing decline in quality. It is a direct developing species laying around 10 eggs like other members of the genus.



Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threats to this species are fires which cause extreme population fluctuations and have a synergistic effect on alienĀ invasiveĀ plants which are degrading and drying seepages. Both threats are extensive and severe on the entire distribution of this species.

Conservation Actions

Identification of impact of threats and their management is seen as a key area of research for the conservation of this species. An invasive alien plant clearing plan for the site is a priority and is being developed by CapeNature and private land owners. This and other members of the genus require more information on life history, dispersal and population size to be followed by monitoring.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)

Taxonomic Notes

This species was recently described by Turner & Channing (2008).


South African Frog Re-assessment Group (SA-FRoG) & IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2010. Arthroleptella rugosa. In: IUCN 2014


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