This species occurs from the central and western Andes, in Antioquia Department, to the eastern slope of the central Andes, in Caldas Department, Colombia. It has been recorded between 1,160 and 2,200m asl. It might occur a little more widely than current records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on the ground in leaf-litter in montane forest, although it may also climb on vegetation in the interior of primary forest. It lays its eggs in leaf-litter and the tadpoles develop in bromeliads.
It is a common species.
The major threats to this species are habitat loss/degradation, due to agriculture, logging and fire, and pollution as a result of the fumigation of crops. It is also harvested illegally for the international pet trade.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and there is clearly a need for improved habitat protection at sites where this species is known to occur. Measures need to be put in place to ensure levels of offtake of this species from the wild are sustainable. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes.
Red List Status
Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo 2004. Andinobates opisthomelas. In: IUCN 2014