This species occurs in southwestern and southern Cameroon and mainland Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), south to central Gabon. It has also been recorded from Lokutu in north-central Democratic Republic of the Congo (Penner and Rödel in Butynski and McCullough 2007) and there are records for the Congo (M.-O. Rödel pers. comm. July 2016). These records may change pending further research as this species is likely to be a complex of cryptic species (M.-O. Rödel pers. comm. July 2016). It occurs mainly at low altitudes, but it occurs up to and above 1,000 m Asl in Cameroon.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a species of primary and slightly disturbed rainforest, requiring a closed canopy. It is usally found on low vegetation in the forest. It breeds in slow-flowing water, in particular in slow areas in streams, and in pools isolated from the main current, usually on a sandy substrate.
It is a common species. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
It is adversely affected by the loss of forest habitat for agriculture, logging and human settlements.
This species occurs in several protected areas, including Korup National Park (Cameroon), Monte Alen National Park (Equatorial Guinea), Lope-Okanda Faunal Reserve (Gabon), Crystal Mountains, Ivindo, Moukalaba-Doudou National Parks (all in Gabon – Pauwels and Rödel 2007).
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution and presumed large population.
The subpopulation in central DRC is likely to be another species, as the name Amnirana amnicola is currently thought to be a complex of about three species (M.-O. Rödel pers. comm. July 2016).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Amnirana amnicola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T58193A18406015. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T58193A18406015.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019