This species is known only from three nearby localities in Jujuy Province, north-western Argentina: El Moreno, El Angosto and San Jose de Chani. It has an altitudinal range of 3,600-3,750m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is wholly aquatic, breeding in high mountain streams surrounded by rough bush land, and does not occur in modified areas.
It is a rare species.
Current threats include the pollution of streams by livestock activities, and the collection of vegetation surrounding the streams for firewood (resulting in run-off and stream sedimentation). Potential threats from nearby villages include the introduction of predatory fishes (trout), stream pollution through mining activities, and the destruction of high mountain bogs (stream watersheds). Chytridiomycosis also poses a potential future threat.
It is not present in any protected areas, and protection of suitable habitat is urgently required. There is also a need for continued population monitoring, particularly given the threat of chytrid.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered, in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000 km2 and area of occupancy of less than 500 km2, with all individuals in fewer than five locations, and a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
Esteban Lavilla 2004. Telmatobius platycephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57357A11626922. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57357A11626922.en .Downloaded on 16 December 2018