Mannophryne venezuelensis is found on the slopes of the Península de Paria, Municipality of Arismendi, state of Sucre, Venezuela, from near sea level to about 600 masl (Manzanilla et al., 2007).
Habitat and Ecology
The species is found in and around mountain streams, some individuals have been found in a stream that runs through a cocoa field (Manzanilla et al., 2007).
No population status information is available for this species.
Major threats to this species include traditional shifting agriculture and use of agrochemicals in upstream coffee and cocoa plantations (Manzanilla et al., 2007).
The species is known to occur in a protected area, Peninsula de Paria, National Park. However, shifting agriculture is a common practice in the region, including within the realm of the national park (Manzanilla et al., 2007).
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened since although the species is common within its restricted range, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat is declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Mannophryne venezuelensis can be distinguished from other similar species by a combination of morphological characters and differences in advertisement call traits and mitochondrial DNA sequences (Manzanilla et al., 2007).
Ariadne Angulo 2008. Mannophryne venezuelensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136174A4255031. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T136174A4255031.en .Downloaded on 19 November 2018