This species is known from the type locality (in the Serra da Bocaina) and from the municipality of Cunha, both in the state of São Paulo, south-eastern Brazil, at around 800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
All specimens were collected on the forest floor of primary forest. It presumably breeds by direct development, like other species in the genus.
t is known only from the original collection, and it has not been found again since it was first collected in 1998, even though the area has been resurveyed.
Habitat destruction is a major threat to this species, and the Atlantic forest in south-eastern Brazil has suffered extensive destruction and degradation due to agricultural development and logging.
This species' range overlaps with three protected areas.
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Ulisses Caramaschi, Sergio Potsch de Carvalho-e-Silva 2004. Brachycephalus vertebralis. In: IUCN 2014