AmphibiaWeb - Dendrobatidae
AMPHIBIAWEB
 

  Dendrobatidae (see family information on Tree of Life site)

299 species in 18 genera

Dart-Poison Frogs

This family has recently been revised taxonomically (Grant et al., 2006) and now contains 11 genera. Members are small, brightly colored neotropical frogs. Dart-poison frogs derive their name from the fact that the more derived genera in this group are brightly colored and produce toxic skin alkaloids, which are obtained through the insects they eat. Three species (Phyllobates terribilis, Phyllobates aurotaenia, and Phyllobates bicolor) have been documented as being used to poison blow-gun darts for hunting animals, in Colombia. The most toxic species of any frog is Phyllobates terribilis, which produces batrachotoxins and homobatrachoxins at a level approximately 20-fold that of other dart-poison frogs.

Dendrobatids have short but strong hind limbs and are agile jumpers and climbers. They are characterized by the presence of divided scutes (thick pads of skin) on the dorsal surface of their digits. These frogs are diurnal and lay eggs on land. Many dendrobatid species exhibit parental care, with the males or females (depending on the species) transporting their tadpoles on the back of the parent. In some species, each tadpole is placed in a separate treehole or other small water-containing enclosure, and females or both parents visit the tadpoles periodically, with the female depositing unfertilized eggs at each visit to feed the tadpole. Males are highly territorial, partaking in vocalization and wrestling competitions and display cephalic amplexus (grasping the female around the head during mating, unique among anurans).


Phyllobates terribilis
Photo by Danté Fenolio
(Click for details)

.

Genus Allobates (48 species)
Allobates alessandroi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates algorei no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates amissibilis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates bromelicola no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates brunneus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates caeruleodactylus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates caribe no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates cepedai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates chalcopis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates conspicuus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates crombiei no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates femoralis AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Allobates flaviventris AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Allobates fratisenescus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates fuscellus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates gasconi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates goianus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates granti no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates grillisimilis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates hodli no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates humilis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates ignotus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates insperatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates juanii no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates kingsburyi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates mandelorum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates marchesianus AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Allobates masniger no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates mcdiarmidi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates melanolaemus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates myersi AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates nidicola no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates niputidea no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates olfersioides no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates ornatus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates paleovarzensis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates picachos no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates pittieri no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates ranoides no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates sanmartini no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates subfolionidificans no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates sumtuosus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates talamancae AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates trilineatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Allobates undulatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates vanzolinius no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates wayuu no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Allobates zaparo no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Andinobates (13 species)
Andinobates abditus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Andinobates altobueyensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Andinobates bombetes AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates cassidyhornae AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates claudiae no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Andinobates daleswansoni AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Andinobates dorisswansonae AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates fulguritus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates minutus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates opisthomelas no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates tolimensis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Andinobates viridis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Andinobates virolinensis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Anomaloglossus (28 species)
Anomaloglossus astralogaster no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus atopoglossus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus ayarzaguenai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus baeobatrachus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus beebei no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus breweri no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus confusus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus degranvillei no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus guanayensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus isthminus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus kaiei no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus lacrimosus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus leopardus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus moffetti AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus murisipanensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus parimae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus parkerae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus praderioi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus roraima AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus rufulus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus shrevei no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus stepheni AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Anomaloglossus surinamensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus tamacuarensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus tepuyensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus triunfo no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus verbeeksnyderorum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Anomaloglossus wothuja no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Aromobates (19 species)
Aromobates alboguttatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates cannatellai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates capurinensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates duranti no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates ericksonae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates haydeeae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Aromobates inflexus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates leopardalis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates mayorgai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates meridensis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Aromobates molinarii no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates nocturnus AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates ornatissimus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Aromobates orostoma no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates saltuensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates serranus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates tokuko no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates walterarpi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Aromobates zippeli no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Mannophryne (19 species)
Mannophryne caquetio no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne collaris no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Mannophryne cordilleriana no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne herminae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Mannophryne lamarcai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne larandina no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne leonardoi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne neblina no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne oblitterata no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne olmonae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Mannophryne orellana no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne riveroi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Mannophryne speeri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne trinitatis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Mannophryne trujillensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne urticans no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne venezuelensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne vulcano no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Mannophryne yustizi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Rheobates (2 species)
Rheobates palmatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rheobates pseudopalmatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Colostethinae (69 species)

Genus Ameerega (31 species)    [subfamily Colostethinae]
Ameerega altamazonica AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ameerega andina no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega bassleri no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega berohoka no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ameerega bilinguis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega boliviana no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega braccata no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega cainarachi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega erythromos no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega flavopicta no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ameerega hahneli no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega ignipedis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega ingeri no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega labialis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega macero no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega maculata no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega parvula AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega pepperi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega peruviridis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega petersi AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ameerega picta AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ameerega planipaleae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega pongoensis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega pulchripecta no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega rubriventris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega silverstonei AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega simulans no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ameerega smaragdina no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega trivittata AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ameerega yoshina no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ameerega yungicola no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Colostethus (23 species)    [subfamily Colostethinae]
Colostethus agilis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus alacris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus argyrogaster AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus brachistriatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus dunni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus dysprosium no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus fraterdanieli no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus fugax no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus furviventris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus imbricolus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus inguinalis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus jacobuspetersi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus latinasus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus lynchi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus mertensi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus panamansis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus poecilonotus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus pratti no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Colostethus ramirezi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus ruthveni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus thorntoni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus ucumari no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Colostethus yaguara no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Epipedobates (7 species)    [subfamily Colostethinae]
Epipedobates anthonyi AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Epipedobates boulengeri no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Epipedobates darwinwallacei no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Epipedobates espinosai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epipedobates machalilla AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Epipedobates narinensis AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epipedobates tricolor AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Silverstoneia (8 species)    [subfamily Colostethinae]
Silverstoneia dalyi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia erasmios no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia flotator no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia gutturalis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia minima no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia minutissima no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia nubicola no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Silverstoneia punctiventris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Dendrobatinae (42 species)

Genus Adelphobates (3 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Adelphobates castaneoticus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Adelphobates galactonotus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Adelphobates quinquevittatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Dendrobates (5 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Dendrobates auratus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Dendrobates leucomelas AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Dendrobates nubeculosus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Dendrobates tinctorius AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Dendrobates truncatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Excidobates (3 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Excidobates captivus AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Excidobates condor no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Excidobates mysteriosus AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video

Genus Minyobates (1 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Minyobates steyermarki AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Oophaga (9 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Oophaga arborea AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Oophaga granulifera AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Oophaga histrionica AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Oophaga lehmanni AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Oophaga occultator no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Oophaga pumilio AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Oophaga speciosa AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Oophaga sylvatica no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Oophaga vicentei no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Phyllobates (5 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Phyllobates aurotaenia AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Phyllobates bicolor AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Phyllobates lugubris AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Phyllobates terribilis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Phyllobates vittatus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Ranitomeya (16 species)    [subfamily Dendrobatinae]
Ranitomeya amazonica no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya benedicta AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ranitomeya cyanovittata no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya defleri AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya fantastica AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya flavovittata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya imitator AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya reticulata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya sirensis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya summersi AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ranitomeya toraro no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya uakarii AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya vanzolinii AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya variabilis AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya ventrimaculata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ranitomeya yavaricola no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Hyloxalinae (59 species)

Genus Hyloxalus (59 species)    [subfamily Hyloxalinae]
Hyloxalus abditaurantius no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus aeruginosus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus anthracinus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus awa no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus azureiventris AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus betancuri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus bocagei no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus borjai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus breviquartus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus cevallosi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus chlorocraspedus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus chocoensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus craspedoceps AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus delatorreae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus edwardsi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus elachyhistus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus eleutherodactylus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus exasperatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus excisus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus faciopunctulatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus fallax no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus fascianigrus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus fuliginosus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus idiomelus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus infraguttatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus insulatus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus italoi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus lehmanni no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus leucophaeus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus littoralis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus maculosus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus maquipucuna no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus marmoreoventris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus mittermeieri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus mystax no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus nexipus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus parcus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus patitae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus peculiaris no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus peruvianus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus pinguis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus pulchellus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus pulcherrimus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus pumilus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus ramosi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus ruizi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus saltuarius no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus sauli no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus shuar no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus sordidatus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus spilotogaster AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus subpunctatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus sylvaticus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus toachi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus utcubambensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus vergeli no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus vertebralis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus whymperi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyloxalus yasuni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2014. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: 2014).

AmphibiaWeb's policy on data use.

Back to top