This species is known only from the type locality, Maquipucuna, Pichincha Province, Ecuador, at approximately 1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species was recorded from a cloud forest stream. Its reproductive mode has not been documented, but the larvae presumably develop in streams.
It has not been seen since the original discovery around 1990; recent searches in the type locality and the entire surrounding region have failed to locate any other individuals (although the sampling effort might have been insufficient).
The area where this species was recorded is not currently threatened by forest destruction.
It was found in the private Reserva Maquipucuna, affording it protection of its habitat.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Hyloxalus maquipucuna. In: IUCN 2014