This species is only known from the type locality, around 5km west of Porto Walter on the Rio Juruá, Acre State, Brazil. The limits of its range remain unknown.
Habitat and Ecology
It is known from primary lowland forest, often in treefall gaps, where individuals were found on logs 5-70cm above the ground, and also in wood shavings on the ground. One was also located resting on a leaf at night. Larvae were found in a pool formed in the trunk of a large fallen tree, and also being transported on the back of an adult male.
This species is not common.
This species was presumably greatly impacted by the conversion of the area from which the species was found into cattle pasture.
It is not known from any protected areas.
Simon Stuart 2006. Hyloxalus chlorocraspedus. In: IUCN 2014