AmphibiaWeb - Centrolenidae
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  Centrolenidae (see family information on Tree of Life site)

151 species in 12 genera

Glass Frogs

Centrolenid frogs derive their common name from the transparent venter, through which internal organs can be seen in many species. Most Centrolenids are a shade of green, ranging from light lime green to dark green. Members of this family also have green bones as a result of green bile salts. Studies have shown that glass frogs contain a unique pigment in their skin that reflects the same wavelength infrared radiation that plants do, possibly another adaptation for concealment.Most glass frogs are small (30 mm) with one exception, Centrolene gekkoideum, which attains a length of 77 mm. Eggs are usually deposited on rocks or plants overhanging water, and are sometimes guarded by territorial males. The larvae drop into the water upon hatching and burrow in the sand or detritus at the bottom.

Species of this group occur from Venezuela down through Bolivia, Argentina, and southern Brazil in high montane habitats with streams.

Morphological characters uniting this clade are: 1) astragalus and calcaneum completely fused (convergent with Pelodytidae); 2) dilated medial process on third metacarpal; 3) T-shaped terminal phalanges (convergent with other groups); 4) 8 presacral vertebrae; 5) ribs absent; 6) pectoral girdle arciferal; 7) palatines present; 8) ventral side and sometimes GI organs transparent


Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni
Photo by Twan Leenders
(Click for details)

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Subfamily Centroleninae (119 species)

Genus Centrolene (36 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Centrolene acanthidiocephalum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene altitudinale no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene antioquiense no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene audax no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene azulae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene bacatum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene ballux no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene buckleyi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene condor AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene daidaleum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene durrellorum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene fernandoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene geckoideum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene gemmatum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene guanacarum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene heloderma no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene hesperium no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene huilense AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene hybrida AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene lemniscatum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene lynchi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene medemi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene muelleri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene notostictum AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene paezorum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene peristictum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene petrophilum AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene pipilatum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene quindianum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene robledoi AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene sabini AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene sanchezi AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene savagei AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Centrolene scirtetes no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene solitaria AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Centrolene venezuelense no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Chimerella (1 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Chimerella mariaelenae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Cochranella (18 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Cochranella adenocheira AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella balionota no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella croceopodes no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella duidaeana no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella euhystrix no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella euknemos AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella geijskesi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella granulosa AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella litoralis AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella mache AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella megista no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella nola AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Cochranella ocellifera no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella phryxa AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella ramirezi AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella resplendens no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella riveroi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Cochranella xanthocheridia AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Espadarana (3 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Espadarana andina AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Espadarana callistomma no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Espadarana prosoblepon AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Ikakogi (1 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Ikakogi tayrona AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Nymphargus (36 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Nymphargus anomalus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus armatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus bejaranoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus buenaventura no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus cariticommatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus chami AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus chancas no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus cochranae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus cristinae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus garciae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus grandisonae no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Nymphargus griffithsi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus ignotus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus lasgralarias no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus laurae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus luminosus AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus luteopunctatus AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus mariae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus megacheirus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus mixomaculatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus nephelophila AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus ocellatus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus oreonympha AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus phenax no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus pluvialis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus posadae AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus prasinus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus puyoensis AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus rosada no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus ruizi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus siren no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus spilotus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus sucre no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus truebae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Nymphargus vicenteruedai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Nymphargus wileyi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Rulyrana (9 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Rulyrana adiazeta AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana erminea AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana flavopunctata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana mcdiarmidi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana orejuela AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Rulyrana saxiscandens no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana spiculata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana susatamai AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Rulyrana tangarana no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Sachatamia (3 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Sachatamia albomaculata AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Sachatamia ilex AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Sachatamia punctulata AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Teratohyla (4 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Teratohyla amelie AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Teratohyla midas no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Teratohyla pulverata AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Teratohyla spinosa AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Vitreorana (8 species)    [subfamily Centroleninae]
Vitreorana antisthenesi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Vitreorana castroviejoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Vitreorana eurygnatha AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Vitreorana gorzulae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Vitreorana helenae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Vitreorana parvula AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Vitreorana ritae AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Vitreorana uranoscopa AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Subfamily Hyalinobatrachinae (32 species)

Genus Celsiella (2 species)    [subfamily Hyalinobatrachinae]
Celsiella revocata no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Celsiella vozmedianoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Hyalinobatrachium (30 species)    [subfamily Hyalinobatrachinae]
Hyalinobatrachium aureoguttatum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium bergeri no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium cappellei no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium carlesvilai no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium chirripoi AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium colymbiphyllum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium duranti no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium esmeralda no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium fragile no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium guairarepanense no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium iaspidiense AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium ibama no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium kawense no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium lemur no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium mesai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium mondolfii no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium munozorum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium orientale no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium orocostale no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium pallidum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium pellucidum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium petersi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium ruedai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium talamancae AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium tatayoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium taylori no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium tricolor no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium valerioi AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Hyalinobatrachium vireovittatum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2014. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: 2014).

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