This species is known only from the type locality in Caldas Department, Colombia, between 1,850 and 1,940m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in sub-Andean forests on vegetation alongside streams. Eggs are laid on leaves overhanging the water and when they hatch the larvae drop into the water below where they develop further. This species therefore requires gallery forest to lay their eggs; hence it is sensitive to any kind of habitat disturbance.
It is an uncommon species.
The threats to it are currently unknown.
The range of the species is not within a protected area. More research into the limits of its range, its population status and potential threats is needed, in particular to determine if it occurs outside the vicinity of the type locality.
Erik Wild, John Lynch 2004. Nymphargus spilotus. In: IUCN 2014