This species is known from the type locality in Amazonian Ecuador (Santa Cecilia), from one location in Colombia (south-western Putumayo), and has recently been reported for the Alto Cainarachi Valley, department of San Martín, Peru (see Torres-Gastello et al. 2007). It occurs between 300 and 400 masl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in lowland tropical primary and secondary rainforests, and sub-Andean forests, on vegetation next to running water sources like streams. The holotype was found in primary rainforest (Lynch and Duellman 1973). It has not been recorded from anthropogenic habitats. The eggs are laid on leaves above the streams, and when hatched the tadpoles drop into the stream below.
The species may use temporary (seasonal) sources of running water during the reproductive period. During the non-reproductive period the species appears to inhabit the forest canopy (D.F. Cisneros-Heredia, pers. comm. 2008).
This is thought to be a rare species in Colombia, but there is no information on population status in Ecuador or Peru.
The species is threatened by habitat fragmentation and habitat loss, as a result of agricultural expansion (including the planting of illegal crops) and timber extraction, and water pollution.
It is not known from any protected areas in Colombia or Ecuador, and there is a need for improved habitat protection at sites where this species is known to occur.
Diego Cisneros-Heredia 2008. Cochranella resplendens. In: IUCN 2014