This species has an island-wide distribution in Cuba, excluding the extreme east. It has been recorded from sea level up to 830 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in riparian and aquatic habitats in forests, shrubland and flooded grassland, and habitats disturbed by agricultural and urban activities, as long as there are streams or swamps. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
It is a common species in suitable habitat.
Water pollution and habitat loss from agriculture, and infrastructure development for human settlement is a threat to this species.
Its range includes several protected areas. Research is needed on its population trends and natural history
This species was confused with Eleutherodactylus sierramaestrae prior to its description.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Eleutherodactylus riparius. In: IUCN 2014