This species formerly occurred in eastern Jamaica at an altitudinal range of 225-1,215 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a stream-dwelling species associated with aquatic and riparian habitats in mesic forests. Males call from rocks in streams or at waterfall bases. There is a possibility that it could have been a live-bearing species, but this is unconfirmed.
It has not been seen since the mid-1980s and is now possibly extinct. In 1985, it was still abundant in its range but within one or two years, the species underwent a marked and rapid decline.
This species has apparently disappeared from its known range, even though its range included the Blue and John Crow Mountain National Park, and some undisturbed forest still survives; this suggests that factors other than habitat loss are implicated in its disappearance, such as chytridiomycosis and introduced predators (Rattus rattus is abundant throughout Blue Mountains up to the highest peaks).
Further survey work is required to determine whether or not this species might possibly still survive in the wild, and the reasons for its decline in pristine habitat. If disease is shown to be a major threat, then any surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
Blair Hedges 2010. Eleutherodactylus orcutti. In: IUCN 2014