This species is distributed in the west of the Central Iranian deserts and in the Kopet Dagh Mountains of Iran and Turkmenistan. It possibly occurs western Afghanistan (current range requires research). The distribution map for this species is largely based on Stöck et al. (2001). The altitudinal range is not known.
Habitat and Ecology
The habitat and ecology of this species is not well known. It occurs in relatively arid areas, including slopes of mountains, and may breed in various slow-moving streams. The species can be found in somewhat disturbed or modified habitats.
It is a common species in Turkmenistan. The population abundance of this species is not known for Iran.
There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole.
This species might occur in a number of protected areas in northern Iran, however this requires further confirmation. In Turkmenistan, it has been recorded from the Suntkhasazdag Nature Reserve. Additional surveys are needed to better understand the distribution of this species relative to related members of the 'Bufo viridis' (Bufotes) complex.
According to Stöck et al. (2001) this is a member of the Pseudepidalea viridissubgroup. The Bufo viridis group is now treated under Bufotes. It is partly in sympatry with Bufotes turanensis, which is sometimes confused with the species.
Matthias Stöck, Sergius Kuzmin, Theodore Papenfuss, Steven Anderson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Tatjana Dujsebayeva, Boris Tuniyev, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, 2015. Bufotes oblongus. In: IUCN 2014