This species is known from two sites 50km apart, in Municipio Pajarito and Municipio Garagoa, in Boyacá Department, on the Cordillera Oriental of the Colombian Andes, between 1,600 and 1,750m asl, though it might occur more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on vegetation near streams in cloud forest; the eggs are laid on the vegetation, and the larvae develop in the water. It also occurs in secondary forest.
It is a common species.
The main threat to this species is habitat loss caused by the expansion of cattle ranching and the planting of illegal crops. Pollution, resulting from the fumigation of illegal crops, is also a threat.
It does not occur in any protected areas, making habitat protection a much-needed conservation action for this species.
Jose Vicente Rueda, Andrés Acosta-Galvis 2004. Hyalinobatrachium esmeralda. In: IUCN 2014