This species is known from northeast India (Assam and Meghalaya) and southern Xizang (probably in the China-India disputed zone), in China. It is also known from a single location in northern Myanmar, close to the Yunnan, China border. It has been recorded at elevations below 1,400m asl. It presumably occurs more widely, in particular in intervening areas between currently known sites.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an arboreal species of tropical forest edge and marshes, that breeds in small, temporary water pools by larval development. Its adaptability to secondary habitats is not known.
In India this species is considered to be uncommon, but not rare. It is known from only one location in China. In Myanmar it has not been collected again since it was first recorded. Results from recent surveys of the Myanmar location are not yet available (G. Wogan pers. comm.).
The restricted range of this species makes it especially susceptible to habitat destruction and degradation.
The known locality of this species in Myanmar is just outside Hkakabo Razi National Park. It has also been recorded from Nameri National Park in India. Recent field studies have been done by Sengupta in Nameri National Park in India (2001 to 2002).
From the arguments given by Bossuyt and Dubois (2001), this species should probably be considered a junior synonym of Philautus tuberculatus (A. Ohler pers. comm.).
Peter Paul van Dijk, Guinevere Wogan, Sushil Dutta, Annemarie Ohler, Saibal Sengupta 2004. Theloderma andersoni. In: IUCN 2014