AMPHIBIAWEB
Heleophryne purcelli
Purcell's ghost frog
family: Heleophrynidae

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
See IUCN account.
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

From the Encyclopedia of Life account:

Distribution

H. purcelli is endemic to the Western Cape Province of South Africa areas (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Morphology

In this species, the arms and head are covered in asperities (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Habitat and Ecology

H. purcelli occurs in clear, swift-flowing, perennial mountain streams in wooded ravines and gorges in the winter-rainfall region. Boycott (1982) recorded the habitat to have a altitudinal range at 60–1770 m, with an annual rainfall of 600–3000 mm (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Associations

Tadpoles are eaten by the common Brown Water Snake Lycodonomorphus rufulus (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Advertisement Call

H. purcelli calls during the day (Channing 2001; A. Turner pers. comm.). Males call mostly from rock cracks and crevices adjacent to waterfalls and cascades, but also from rocks on the riverbank or protruding from the stream, usually near small cascades and rapids (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Reproduction

H. purcelli breeds in early to mid-summer (October– January) when stream flow is reduced. The eggs of H. purcelli are large-yolked and yellow with a stiff jelly capsule. Clutches of 50–208 eggs are laid singly and may be scattered over a large surface area (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Tadpole morphology

Boycott (1982) found tadpoles metamorphs leave the water during March and April (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott,R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

IUCN Red List Category and Justification of Conservation Status

H. purcelli is not threatened. The species is widely distributed in the Western Cape mountains where most of its habitat enjoys some degree of protection (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott,R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Conservation Actions and Management

It occurs in several private and public protected areas (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/