AMPHIBIAWEB
 

  Scolecomorphidae

6 species in 2 genera

The family Scolecomorphidae consists of small to medium-sized caecilians (ranging from 270-448 mm), with counter-sunk lower jaws and tentacle-like openings placed very far forward on the snout. Orbits are absent; eyes are connected basally to the tentacle and are protruded along with the tentacle. They lack a stapes as well as secondary and tertiary annuli. Annular grooves lack dermal scales. Females tend to have more vertebrae than males, and as a result are longer/larger. Of the two genera in this family (Crotaphotrema and Scolecomorphus), Scolecomorphus is viviparous. Their distribution is restricted to western and eastern equatorial Africa.
Scolecomorphus vittatus
Photo by John Measey
(Click for details)

.

Genus Crotaphatrema (3 species)
Crotaphatrema bornmuelleri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Crotaphatrema lamottei AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Crotaphatrema tchabalmbaboensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Scolecomorphus (3 species)
Scolecomorphus kirkii AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Scolecomorphus uluguruensis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Scolecomorphus vittatus AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2016. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: 2016).

AmphibiaWeb's policy on data use.

Back to top