AmphibiaWeb - Rhinatrematidae
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  Rhinatrematidae

11 species in 2 genera

The family Rhinatrematidae is made up of 2 genera of medium sized caecilians (ranging from 161-328 mm) with true short tails (post-cloacal vertebrae present). Members of this family have primary annuli subdivided by secondary and tertiary annuli. Dermal scales occur in all annuli. The mouth is terminal (not countersunk as in more derived caecilians) and the tentacular opening is adjacent to the eye (considered to be the ancestral condition relative to its more anterior position in other caecilians). Rhinatrematids have partially open temporal regions (zygokrotaphy) on the skull. Zygokrotaphy along with a terminal mouth may suggest they are not highly specialized for burrowing. All caecilians have a dual jaw adducting mechanism, which is unique in vertebrates. In rhinatrematids, the muscle is made up of one bundle (all other caecilian clades have two bundles). Rhinatrematids have a ground color that is gray or grayish to purplish; some exhibit a yellow lateral stripe. Their distribution ranges from northern South America through Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Surinam, Guyana, French Guiana, and Venezuela. Like most caecilians, these are found in tropical forests with dense forest litter and rotting vegetation. The presence of larvae indicates that they are egg layers.

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Genus Epicrionops (8 species)
Epicrionops bicolor AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops columbianus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops lativittatus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops marmoratus AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops niger no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops parkeri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops peruvianus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Epicrionops petersi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Rhinatrema (3 species)
Rhinatrema bivittatum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Rhinatrema ron no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Rhinatrema shiv no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2014. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: 2014).

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