Pristimantis vilcabambae is only known from the type locality: Cordillera de Vilcabamba, CI/RAP Expedition Camp Two
(11 33' 35" S, 73 38' 28" W, 2050 masl), Province of Satipo, Department of Junín, Peru.
Habitat and Ecology
Vegetation at the type locality consists of tall cloud forest (18–20 m) with a high number of epiphytes, terrestrial Araceae, ferns, and orchids. Nothing is known about the species' ecology (Lehr, 2006).
The species is only known from the type series, comprising 4 specimens.
No major threats are known for this species.
The species occurs within the protected area of the Cordillera de Vilcabamba, which is difficult to access (E. Lehr, pers. comm. 2008).
A member of the Pristimantis unistrigatus group according to the original publication. Pristimantis vilcabambae can be distinguished from other similar species by a combination of morphological features and different colour patterns (Lehr, 2007).
Edgar Lehr 2008. Pristimantis vilcabambae. In: IUCN 2014